Schoenbourg was originally established in 1335 under the name of Schönebühel.  Famous for glass making, it supplied some of the beautiful stained glass used in the Cathedral of Strasbourg.  On the lintel of that cathedral, alongside two biblical verses, is the following dedication:
 "This temple was built voluntarily by the citizens Lutherans and reformed parish of Schoenbourg; with the glory of the trés-haut, under the reign full with wisdom of its majesty the emperor and king Napoleon I in the year of grace 1807."


The name SCHOENBOURG refers to beets, which were cultivated and used as fodder for the breeding of pigs.  The designs on the banner symbolize the weapons and forests of that area. 

In 1999, the population was 418 inhabitants.